Effective vaccination (better known as immunization) has done away with a variety of diseases – small pox and polio being the recent ones. The demand pertaining to vaccinations has skyrocketed in the last few years – thanks to growing incidences of bacterial and viral infectious diseases. There are vaccination drives conducted for people of various age groups. As such, people could boast of strong immunization for the lifetime.
Autogenous vaccines for aquaculture have become a norm since the last few years. This could be reasoned with them playing an important role in controlling bacterial diseases. Plus, the companies dealing in veterinary pharmaceuticals are into provision of customized autogenous vaccines for specific pathogens. Europe dominates this market as regulations regarding nurturing the aquamarine population have become stringent.
Additionally, quality of aquafeed is a matter of concern everywhere. This calls for commercial aquaculture vaccines. They have, in fact, overridden antibiotics in fish aquaculture farming. The latest trend herein is that of 3rd-generation DNA vaccines getting commercialized as they are reported to be effective in the long run.
Coming to adult vaccines, there are therapeutic and preventive ones. The diseases that have vaccines administered include MMRV (Measles, Mumps, Rubella and Varicella), meningitis, zoster shingles, DTP (Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis), influenza, cervical cancer, Hepatitis, and pneumonia. In the developing countries, vaccination campaigns are being organized regarding mumps, measles, DTP, and influenza. The developed countries in North America and Europe are already matured markets with respect to adult vaccines.
Amongst the ailments mentioned above, “flu (also known as influenza)” has been rampant almost in every part of the world. Seasonal flu has been gripping different parts of the world during different seasons. Flu vaccines have found to be partially effective against the ongoing pandemic as well. Their application is bound to increase unabated in the forecast period.
Smallpox vaccines have already done more than their job. In other words, this ailment is almost non-existent all across. Vaccinia virus causes smallpox. Though experts state that the effect of smallpox vaccine lasts for 5-6 years, the disease itself has become history now. At present, ACAM2000 is the sole licensed vaccine available for smallpox in the US that the US FDA has approved.
Emphasizing on measles and rubella vaccines, they play a vital role in reducing the death rate of children aged 5 and below. Several government organizations like UNICEF and PAHO (Pan American Health Organization) are emphasizing on conducting awareness campaigns regarding prevention of measles and rubella. The initiatives regarding vaccination are taken by the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention, American Red Cross, and WHO (apart from UNICEF and PAHO). The good news is that between 2000 and 2015, the percentage of population vaccinated for measles and rubella reached 46% from 22%.
Swine flu is another contagious disease. It is commonly termed as “H1N1 flu”, more so as swine H1N1 virus causes it. The symptoms include body ache, red watery eyes, cold, cough, and discomfort in general. The entire respiratory system goes for a toss on contracting H1N1 flu. Intramuscular H1N1 vaccines are administered, though intradermal and intranasal vaccines are also preferred by certain people. Also, the vaccine could be live attenuated or inactivated.
Persistence Market Research (PMR) has thrown light on increasing investments in new-fangled vaccines. For instance – Scripps Research Florida’s researchers have come up with a non-conventional vaccine for combating SIVmac239. The vaccine is reported to provide protection to the ones infected with HIV. PMR has segregated the vaccines market by type as recombinant & conjugate vaccines, inactivated vaccines, live attenuated vaccines, and Toxoid vaccines.
Above all, proper vaccine transport containers make it all favourable. They come with coolant packs. Thus, cooling energy is offered for limited time.
Persistence Market Research (PMR) has profiled the key players as follows:
- Serum Institute of India Pvt. Ltd.
- CSL Ltd.
- Emergent BioSolutions Inc.
- Merck & Co., Inc.
- Sanofi Aventis
- GlaxoSmithKline plc
- AstraZeneca plc
- Johnson & Johnson
PMR has not missed to mention that PAHO and UNICEF do procure vaccines for close to 100 counties and 40 states respectively. Also, it has brought to the notice the fact stated by the WHO that every year close to 1.5 Mn deaths could be averted, and also that nearly 116.3 MN children less than 1 year of age received DTP vaccine in 2018 alone.
Persistence Market Research (PMR) has moved further by categorizing the vaccines market by geography into North America, LATAM, Europe, the Asia-Pacific, and MEA. PMR states that North America leads from the front, followed by Europe, and the Asia-Pacific. The unexplored geographies of LATAM and MEA are also grabbing the market share in terms of imports now.